DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Christianity: The Second Thousand Years

« Christianity: The First Thousand Years

Countdown to Armageddon »

Description

From Wikipedia

Christianity: The Second Thousand Years

The Investiture Controversy, or Lay investiture controversy, was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and Pope Gregory VII concerning who would appoint bishops (investiture). The end of lay investiture threatened to undercut the power of the Empire and the ambitions of noblemen for the benefit of Church reform.

Bishops collected revenues from estates attached to their bishopric. Noblemen who held lands (fiefdoms) hereditarily passed those lands on within their family. However, because bishops had no legitimate children, when a bishop died it was the king's right to appoint a successor. So, while a king had little recourse in preventing noblemen from acquiring powerful domains via inheritance and dynastic marriages, a king could keep careful control of lands under the domain of his bishops. Kings would bestow bishoprics to members of noble families whose friendship he wished to secure. Furthermore, if a king left a bishopric vacant, then he collected the estates' revenues until a bishop was appointed, when in theory he was to repay the earnings. The infrequence of this repayment was an obvious source of dispute. The Church wanted to end this lay investiture because of the potential corruption, not only from vacant sees but also from other practices such as simony. Thus, the Investiture Contest was part of the Church's attempt to reform the episcopate and provide better pastoral care.

Pope Gregory VII issued the Dictatus Papae, which declared that the pope alone could appoint or depose bishops, or translate them to other sees. Henry VI's rejection of the decree lead to his excommunication and a ducal revolt; eventually Henry received absolution after dramatic public penance barefoot in Alpine snow and cloaked in a hairshirt (see Walk to Canossa), though the revolt and conflict of investiture continued. Likewise, a similar controversy occurred in England between King Henry I and St. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, over investiture and ecclesiastical revenues collected by the king during an episcopal vacancy. The English dispute was resolved by the Concordat of London, 1107, where the king renounced his claim to invest bishops but continued to require an oath of fealty from them upon their election. This was a partial model for the Concordat of Worms (Pactum Calixtinum), which resolved the Imperial investiture controversy with a compromise that allowed secular authorities some measure of control but granted the selection of bishops to their cathedral canons. As a symbol of the compromise, lay authorities invested bishops with their secular authority symbolised by the lance, and ecclesiastical authorities invested bishops with their spiritual authority symbolised by the ring and the staff.

Tags

 

Other videos in channel "Religion":

A Brief History of Disbelief 01 - Shadows Of Doubt A Brief History of Disbelief 01 - Shadows Of Doubt A Brief History of Disbelief 02 - Noughts and Crosses A Brief History of Disbelief 02 - Noughts and Crosses A Brief History of Disbelief 03 - The Final Hour A Brief History of Disbelief 03 - The Final Hour
After Rome, Holy War And Conquest 01 After Rome, Holy War And Conquest 01 After Rome, Holy War And Conquest 02 After Rome, Holy War And Conquest 02
Christianity: The First Thousand Years Christianity: The First Thousand Years Christianity: The Second Thousand Years Christianity: The Second Thousand Years Countdown to Armageddon Countdown to Armageddon
Decoding The Past: Secrets Of The Koran Decoding The Past: Secrets Of The Koran Did God Have a Wife Did God Have a Wife
Gospel Of Matthew Gospel Of Matthew History Of God History Of God History Of The Bible History Of The Bible
Hopi Prophecy Hopi Prophecy Islam: Empire of Faith 01 Islam: Empire of Faith 01 Islam: Empire of Faith 02 Islam: Empire of Faith 02
Islam: Empire of Faith 03 Islam: Empire of Faith 03 Jerusalem - The Making of a Holy City Jerusalem - The Making of a Holy City Jesus was a Buddhist Monk Jesus was a Buddhist Monk
King Solomon King Solomon Martin Luther - Reluctant Revolutionary Martin Luther - Reluctant Revolutionary Muhammad - Legacy Of A Prophet Muhammad - Legacy Of A Prophet
Operation Blue Star Operation Blue Star Salem Witch Trials Salem Witch Trials Secret Files Of The Inquisition 01 - Root Out Heretics Secret Files Of The Inquisition 01 - Root Out Heretics
Secret Files Of The Inquisition 02 - Tears Of Spain Secret Files Of The Inquisition 02 - Tears Of Spain Secret Files Of The Inquisition 03 - War On Ideas Secret Files Of The Inquisition 03 - War On Ideas Secret Files Of The Inquisition 04 - End Of Inquisition Secret Files Of The Inquisition 04 - End Of Inquisition
Secular Believers Secular Believers The Bible Revolution The Bible Revolution The Bible Unearthed The Bible Unearthed
The Blue Buddha - Lost Secrets of Tibetan Medicine The Blue Buddha - Lost Secrets of Tibetan Medicine The Catholic Inquisition The Catholic Inquisition The Garden of Eden The Garden of Eden
The God Delusion The God Delusion The Kingdom Of David 01 The Kingdom Of David 01 The Kingdom Of David 02 The Kingdom Of David 02
The Kingdom Of David 03 The Kingdom Of David 03 The Kingdom Of David 04 The Kingdom Of David 04 The Life Of Buddha The Life Of Buddha
The Lost Gospels The Lost Gospels The Muslim Jesus The Muslim Jesus The Rise And Fall Of Islamic Spain The Rise And Fall Of Islamic Spain
The Story Of God 01 The Story Of God 01 The Story of God 02 The Story of God 02 The Story Of God 03 The Story Of God 03
Traders Of The Dead Sea Scrolls Traders Of The Dead Sea Scrolls Who's Afraid of Islam? Who's Afraid of Islam?  
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured