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Byzantium, The Lost Empire 03 - Envy of the World

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From Wikipedia

Byzantium, The Lost Empire

John Romer

Episode Three

Envy of the World

Byzantium under the Justinian Dynasty began with the ascension of Justin I, a career soldier whose reign was marked with internal strife within the Empire, from Ostrogoths, and from the Persians. The strength of the dynasty was shown under Justinian I, in which the territorial borders of the Empire were expanded because of numerous campaigns by his favored general, Belisarius. Throughout the mid 6th century, plague combined with the large cost of military victory sapped strength from the Empire. The financial mess that ensued forced his successor, Justin II, to suspend payments to the Avars, which opened the way West for hordes of Lombards that overran Italy. War with the Persians did not go well in Syria, and soon after mental illness drove Justin II to his grave. Tiberius II succeeded Justin II, and found success against the Persians in battles in Armenia and against the Berbers in North Africa. The last member of the dynasty after Tiberius II fell ill, Maurice, proved to be of strong will against the threats surrounding the Empire, not only pushing the Persians back and establishing a secure peace, but also defending the Danube from invaders. Even through these successes, Maurice proved unpopular domestically, and was deposed by the Green faction within Constantinople, replaced by their choice, Phocas, in 602.

  • 1 Justin I
  • 2 Justinian II
  • 3 Justin II
  • 4 Tiberius II
  • 5 Maurice

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