DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Byzantium, The Lost Empire 01 - Building the Dream

« Byzantium - The Common Root

Byzantium, The Lost Empire 02 - Heaven On Earth »

Description

From Wikipedia

Byzantium, The Lost Empire

John Romer

Episode One

Building the Dream

The Byzantine Empire or
Eastern Roman Empire,
was the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered on the capital of Constantinople, and ruled by Emperors. It was called the Roman Empire by its inhabitants and its neighbours, and was also known as Romania (Greek: Ῥωμανία, Rhōmanía). As the distinction between "Roman Empire" and "Byzantine Empire" is purely a modern convention, it is not possible to assign a date of separation, but an important point is the Emperor Constantine I's transfer of the capital from Nicomedia (in Anatolia) to Byzantium on the Bosphorus, which became Constantinople (alternatively "New Rome").

The Empire remained one of the most powerful economic, cultural, and military forces in Europe, despite setbacks and territorial losses, especially during the Roman–Persian and Byzantine–Arab Wars. The Empire recovered during the Macedonian dynasty, rising again to become the pre-eminent power in the Eastern Mediterranean by the late 10th century. After 1071 however, much of Asia Minor, the Empire's heartland, was lost to the Seljuk Turks. The Komnenian restoration regained some ground and briefly re-established dominance in the 12th century, but declined again under their successors. The Empire received a mortal blow in 1204 by the Fourth Crusade, when it was dissolved and divided into competing Byzantine Greek and Latin realms. Despite the eventual recovery of Constantinople and re-establishment of the Empire in 1261, under the Palaiologan emperors, successive civil wars in the 14th century further sapped the Empire's strength. Most of its remaining territory was lost in the Byzantine–Ottoman Wars, culminating in the Fall of Constantinople and its remaining territories to the Muslim Ottoman Turks in the 15th century.

Tags

Other videos in channel "Byzantium":

Art of Eternity - The Glory of Byzantium Art of Eternity - The Glory of Byzantium Byzantium - The Common Root Byzantium - The Common Root Byzantium, The Lost Empire 01 - Building the Dream Byzantium, The Lost Empire 01 - Building the Dream
Byzantium, The Lost Empire 02 -  Heaven On Earth Byzantium, The Lost Empire 02 - Heaven On Earth Byzantium, The Lost Empire 03 - Envy of the World Byzantium, The Lost Empire 03 - Envy of the World
Byzantium, The Lost Empire 04 - Forever And Ever Byzantium, The Lost Empire 04 - Forever And Ever Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities Engineering an Empire - The Byzantines Engineering an Empire - The Byzantines
Fall Of An Empire - The Byzantine Lesson Fall Of An Empire - The Byzantine Lesson The Byzantines The Byzantines
The Siege of Constantinople 1453 The Siege of Constantinople 1453    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured